WordPress is the most popular open source blogging system and CMS on the Web. It is based on PHP and MySQL. Its features can be extended with thousands of free plugins and themes.
In this tutorial we will install WordPress and show how to make a website on Apache2 server and create your first post.
What you’ll learn
- How to set up WordPress
- How to configure WordPress
- How to create first post
How to Install WordPress
To install WordPress, use following command:
sudo apt update sudo apt install wordpress php libapache2-mod-php mysql-server php-mysql
If you haven’t installed MySQL before, you will be asked for password for “root” MySQL user. You can leave this field empty.
Configure Apache for WordPress
Create Apache site for WordPress. Create
/etc/apache2/sites-available/wordpress.conf with following lines:
Alias /blog /usr/share/wordpress <Directory /usr/share/wordpress> Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride Limit Options FileInfo DirectoryIndex index.php Order allow,deny Allow from all </Directory> <Directory /usr/share/wordpress/wp-content> Options FollowSymLinks Order allow,deny Allow from all </Directory>
Then, enable this site with
sudo a2ensite wordpress, enable URL rewriting with
sudo a2enmod rewrite and reload apache2 with
sudo service apache2 reload.
To configure WordPress, we need to create MySQL database. Let’s do it!
$ sudo mysql -u root Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MySQL connection id is 7 Server version: 5.7.20-0ubuntu0.16.04.1 (Ubuntu) Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. mysql> CREATE DATABASE wordpress; Query OK, 1 row affected (0,00 sec) mysql> GRANT SELECT,INSERT,UPDATE,DELETE,CREATE,DROP,ALTER -> ON wordpress.* -> TO wordpress@localhost -> IDENTIFIED BY '<your-password>'; Query OK, 1 row affected (0,00 sec) mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; Query OK, 1 row affected (0,00 sec) mysql> quit Bye
Now, let’s configure WordPress to use this database. Open
/etc/wordpress/config-localhost.php and write:
<?php define('DB_NAME', 'wordpress'); define('DB_USER', 'wordpress'); define('DB_PASSWORD', '<your-password>'); define('DB_HOST', 'localhost'); define('DB_COLLATE', 'utf8_general_ci'); define('WP_CONTENT_DIR', '/usr/share/wordpress/wp-content'); ?>
Enable MySQL with
sudo service mysql start.
yourdomain.com/blog in your browser. You will be asked for title of your new site, username, password and address e-mail. You can choose if you want to make your site indexed by search engines.
You can now login under
localhost/blog/wp-login.php. In Dashboard, you will see bunch of icons and options. Don’t worry, it’s easy!
Write your first post
You have probably noticed that “Hello world!” post. We will delete it and write something more interesting…
From Dashboard (
yourdomain.com/blog/wp-admin/), select “Posts” icon and click on “All Posts”. Mouse over the “Hello world!” post title and select Trash.
To create new post, click on the “Add New” button. You should notice a fancy WYSIWYG editor with simple (but powerful) text formatting options. You may want to switch to Text mode, if you prefer pure HTML.
Let’s write something! It’s as easy, as using text processors that you know from office suites.
Now, click the Publish button. You can now view your brand new post!
Of course, this tutorial has only described basics of WordPress usage, you can do much more with this blogging platform/CMS. You can install one of thousands of available (free and commercial) plugins and themes. You can even configure it as forum (with bbPress plugin), microblogging platform (BuddyPress), eCommerce platform (WooCommerce) or extend existing WordPress features with plugins like JetPack or TinyMCE Advanced.
WordPress manual and documentation is available in the WordPress Codex.You can read it to learn more about WordPress usage, and even something about themes/plugins development.